Elbrus/optimization

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Elbrus porting cheat sheet:

Elbrus 2000 (aka e2k) is a 64-bit little-endian architecture. The compiler is mostly GCC compatible (defines __GNUC__), EDG frontend.

detection

  • shell: uname -m returns e2k
  • cmake: if({CMAKE_SYSTEM_PROCESSOR} STREQUAL "e2k")
  • C preprocessor: if defined(__e2k__)
  • compiler version: if __LCC__ = 125 and __LCC_MINOR__ = 9 then it's "LCC 1.25.09"
  • architecture version: defined in __iset__ (less than 3 is obsolete, 6 is the latest at the moment)

intrinsics

  • MMX, SSE2, SSSE3, SSE4.1* - native support
  • AVX, AVX2 - supported, but not recommended, uses too much CPU registers
  • SSE4.2 and _mm_dp_ps (from SSE4.1) - emulated, slow, do not use

The compiler enables MMX to AVX2 support by default, pass -mno-avx (-mno-sse4.2) if code depends on the presence of macros (e.g. #if defined(__AVX2__)).

builtins

  • __sync*, __atomic* - supported by the compiler
  • count leading/trailing zeros - supported (__builtin_clz, __builtin_ctz)
  • memory fence - supported (need to include x86intrin.h first)

- __builtin_ia32_mfence, __builtin_ia32_lfence, __builtin_ia32_sfence

cpuid

Use compile time CPU detection, select the best SIMD up to SSE4.1.

rdtsc

#include <x86intrin.h>
uint64_t time = __rdtsc();
// same: unsigned aux; uint64_t time = __rdtscp(&aux);

useful pragmas

_Pragma("name") - to use from macros.

Use before the loop:

  • #pragma ivdep - ignore data dependencies inside the loop
  • #pragma unroll(n) - unroll cycle N times

makecontext

Instead of makecontext(ctx, ...) use makecontext_e2k(ctx, ...), returns a negative integer on error. Allocates extra resources that need to be freed using freecontext_e2k(ctx).

nop

Use __asm__ __volatile__ ("nop") or _mm_pause() for a little delay.

References